What causes infertility in women?

Causes of infertility in women are

Ovulation disorders are the most common causes of infertility in women, followed by complications in uterus and fallopian tubes

  • Ovulation disorders – Ovulation is a monthly cycle involving release of an egg. In case of infertility , either the woman does not release eggs or doent do it during the ovulation cycle period. Ovulation disorders can be due to:
    • Poor egg quality – eggs that are damaged or develop genetic abnormalities cannot sustain a pregnancy.
    • PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome)
    • Hyperprolactinemia – if prolactin levels are high even though the woman is not breastfeeding, it may affect ovulation and fertility.
    • Hyperthyroidism -Overactive thyroid gland
    • Hypothyroidism -Underactive thyroid gland
    • Premature ovarian failure – the woman’s ovaries stop working by the age of Forty.
    • Some chronic conditions or consistent use of some medications
  • Complications in the uterus or fallopian tubes– Other causes of female infertility include blocked fallopian tubes , birth defects or anamolies of the uterus, and uterine fibroids ( which can cause repeated miscarriages); and ageing. Fallopian tube and Uterus issues can arise due to –
    • Damaged fallopian tubes or shortening of cervix due to Surgery
    • Uterine fibroids
    • Endometriosis – cells that are normally found within the lining of the uterus start growing elsewhere in the body.
    • Previous sterilization treatment involving blocking of fallopian tubes can interfere with fertility
  • Ageing : Egg production tends to decrease , specially after the age of 35making ovulation for older women difficult sometimes

A lot of the above infertility issues can be overcome, increasing the chances of pregnancy and motherhood, through proper treatment. Dr. Nirmala, leading fertility doctor in Hyderabad, has helped numerous women identify the right cause of infertility , treated them to find joy of motherhood